|| Broadcast Rate Requires Nonlinear Coding in a Unicast Index Coding Instance of Size 36
||Arman Sharififar, Parastoo Sadeghi, Neda Aboutorab, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia|
||D1-S4-T1: Index Coding
||Monday, 12 July, 23:00 - 23:20
||Monday, 12 July, 23:20 - 23:40
Insufficiency of linear coding for the network coding problem was first proved by providing an instance which is solvable only by nonlinear network coding (Dougherty et al., 2005). Based on the work of Effros et al., 2015, this specific network coding instance can be modeled as a groupcast index coding (GIC) instance with 74 messages and 80 users (where a message can be requested by multiple users). This proves the insufficiency of linear coding for the GIC problem. Using the systematic approach proposed by Maleki et al., 2014, the aforementioned GIC instance can be cast into a unicast index coding (UIC) instance with more than 200 users, each wanting a unique message. This confirms the necessity of nonlinear coding for the UIC problem, but only for achieving the entire capacity region. Nevertheless, the question of whether nonlinear coding is required to achieve the symmetric capacity (broadcast rate) of the UIC problem remained open. In this paper, we settle this question and prove the insufficiency of linear coding, by directly building a UIC instance with only 36 users for which there exists a nonlinear index code outperforming the optimal linear code in terms of the broadcast rate.