|| Trellis BMA: Coded Trace Reconstruction on IDS Channels for DNA Storage
||Sundara Rajan Srinivasavaradhan, University of California, Los Angeles, United States; Sivakanth Gopi, Microsoft Research, United States; Henry D. Pfister, Duke University, United States; Sergey Yekhanin, Microsoft Research, United States|
||D5-S7-T4: Trace Reconstruction & Coding for DNA Storage
||Saturday, 17 July, 00:00 - 00:20
||Saturday, 17 July, 00:20 - 00:40
Sequencing a DNA strand, as part of the read process in DNA storage, produces multiple noisy copies which can be combined to produce better estimates of the original strand; this is called trace reconstruction. One can reduce the error rate further by introducing redundancy in write sequence and this is called coded trace reconstruction. In this paper, we model the DNA storage channel as an insertion-deletion-substitution (IDS) channel and design both encoding schemes and low-complexity decoding algorithms for coded trace reconstruction. We introduce Trellis BMA, a new reconstruction algorithm whose complexity is linear in the number of traces, and compare its performance to previous algorithms. Our results show that it reduces the error rate on both simulated and experimental data. The performance comparisons in this paper are based on the Clustered Nanopore Reads Dataset publicly released with this paper. Our hope is that this dataset will enable research progress by allowing objective comparisons between candidate algorithms.