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Technical Program

Paper Detail

Paper IDD6-S4-T4.3
Paper Title Privacy Amplification for Federated Learning via User Sampling and Wireless Aggregation
Authors Mohamed Seif, Wei-Ting Chang, Ravi Tandon, The University of Arizona, United States
Session D6-S4-T4: Data Privacy
Chaired Session: Monday, 19 July, 23:00 - 23:20
Engagement Session: Monday, 19 July, 23:20 - 23:40
Abstract In this paper, we study the problem of federated learning over a wireless channel with user sampling, modeled by a Gaussian multiple access channel, subject to central and local differential privacy (DP/LDP) constraints. It has been shown that the superposition nature of the wireless channel provides a dual benefit of bandwidth efficient gradient aggregation, in conjunction with strong DP guarantees for the users. Specifically, the central DP privacy leakage has been shown to scale as $\mathcal{O}(1/\sqrt{K})$, where $K$ is the number of users. It has also been shown that user sampling coupled with orthogonal transmission can enhance the central DP privacy leakage with the same scaling behavior. In this work, we show that, by jointly incorporating both wireless aggregation and user sampling, one can obtain even stronger central DP guarantees. We propose a private wireless gradient aggregation scheme, which relies on independently randomized participation decisions by each user. The central DP leakage of our proposed scheme scales as $\mathcal{O}(1/K^{3/4})$. In addition, we show that LDP is also boosted by user sampling.